Renaud Damesin, Jacky Fayolle, Nicolas Fleury
This document reports on the study conducted by a team from the ALPHA Group for the European Trade Union Confederation on the practices and issues involved in the validation of non-formal and informal learning.
A general introduction (chapter 1) presents the objectives and the methods involved in the study, based on a survey of ten European countries. It suggests a typology of those ten countries, in light of a criterion blending the ambition of the public NFIL validation policies and the involvement of the social players in the design and implementation of those policies. The characteristics proper to each country are touched upon. This gives the reader a summary overview of the ten national surveys, which form the study’s original informational basis.
This introduction is followed by a series of thematic chapters:
- Chapter 2 gives the economic and social contexts which colour NFIL practices: the state of the labour market, the needs in terms of skills development and access to training, and the needs for recognition of individuals.
- Chapter 3 stresses the driving role that can be played by public policies and collective bargaining in the development of recognised and validated NFIL practices.
- Chapter 4 identifies the diversity of the NFIL recognition and validation processes, as well as the need for simplification expressed by many players in the system, to make it into a right that is genuinely accessible.
- Chapter 5 puts forward some factors in analysing the impact of NFIL on the labour market, an important aspect in the current crisis situation.
- On the basis of the analysis of national practices and these thematic developments, chapter 6 first looks at the European prospects and then explores the avenues for a practice for NFIL validation shared in a better way between the countries of Europe. To finish, it issues a set of recommendations, which, while not claiming to be exhaustive, seek to respond to certain issues identified in the national surveys and in the summary itself.